11th December 2019
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Anti-corruption in Africa

According to the 10th edition of the Global Corruption Barometer (GCB), a majority of African citizens (55 per cent) think corruption increased in their country in the previous 12 months, while far fewer think it declined (23 per cent). Most strikingly in the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC), where 85 per cent of all citizens see corruption on the rise. The survey asked people what they thought about the state of corruption in their country – how prevalent it is, whether it is rising or declining and whether their government is doing enough to control it.

The report says “men are slightly more likely to pay a bribe than women.” Also, the poorest people are twice as likely to pay a bribe as the richest people, and young people aged 18-34 are more likely to pay a bribe than people aged 55 and over. Two-thirds of citizens fear retaliation if they report corruption. Despite this dear of backlash, more than half of citizens surveyed (53 per cent) think ordinary people can make a difference in the fight against corruption.

In Gabon, eight out of 10 citizens think corruption increased (83 per cent and 80 per cent respectively). By contrast, about half of citizens in Burkina Faso and Gambia think corruption in their country decreased (54 per cent and 46 per cent respectively).

Percentage of people who think corruption has increased in the past 12 months

Source: Global Corruption Barometer

In Nigeria, only 43 percent of people surveyed believe that corruption is on the increase. This means that more Nigerians think that corruption is on the decline under the current administration. The anti-corruption war is an anti-graft war declared by the President, Muhammadu Buhari, the 4th democratic President of Nigeria. This is a war against all forms of corruption in Nigeria. During the president’s election campaign in 2015 and 2018, he vowed to fight against corruption and insecurity. It seems the President is winning the perception war as more Nigerians agree that this strategy is working.   

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